Installation - 1 The Fast Track
This section is for the impatient who don't want to take the time to learn their way around the command line world and don't care that they don't know what they're actually doing.
If you're looking for the real instructions, skip to the next section. (You can still use this section as an example.)
An installed Mac OS X system, version 10.7 or later.
The Xcode Command Line Tools are mandatory. This package can be installed either by downloading it directly via developer.apple.com, through the Xcode application, on via the Components page of the Downloads tab of the Preferences on 10.7 and 10.8, or on 10.9 and 10.10 by running the
command and choosing the Install button in the window that pops up, or you can install the full Xcode if you prefer. You may also need to use this command to update the tools, especially if you're having build problems.
If you're doing a manual download, make sure that the tools you install match your Mac OS X version as well as your Xcode app version (if that is present).
from a Terminal.app window should suffice to make the system download it for you.
Many other things that come with Mac OS X. This includes perl and curl.
Internet access. All source code is downloaded from mirror sites.
Patience. Compiling several big packages takes time. I'm talking hours or even days here.
Start out by copying the
file to your home folder (it might also show up as
fink-0.38.4.tar if you
used Safari to download it).
Then, open Terminal.app and follow the session below.
Computer output is in
normal face, your input is in
bold face (or otherwise highlighted).
The actual input prompts from the shell may vary, and some chunks of
the output have been omitted (
Note: on 10.8, 10.9, and 10.10, after you start the install process you may see dialog windows asking whether you want to install XQuartz. If you want to do so, go ahead. You won't have to stop the Fink install to do that.
[frodo:~] testuser% tar xf fink-0.38.4.tar.gz [frodo:~] testuser% cd fink-0.38.4 [frodo:~/fink-0.38.4] testuser% ./bootstrap Fink must be installed and run with superuser (root) privileges ... Choose a method:  1 sudo /Users/testuser/fink-0.38.4/bootstrap .sudo '/sw' Password: (your normal password here) ... OK, I'll ask you some questions and update the configuration file in '/sw/etc/fink.conf'. In what additional directory should Fink look for downloaded tarballs?  (press return) Which directory should Fink use to build packages? (If you don't know what this means, it is safe to leave it at its default.)  (press return) "Fink can set the UID and GID of its build user dynamically... ...Allow Fink to set the UID/GID dynamically? [Y] (press return) (1) Quiet (do not show download statistics) (2) Low (do not show tarballs being expanded) (3) Medium (will show almost everything) (4) High (will show everything) How verbose should Fink be?  (press return) Proxy/Firewall settings Enter the URL of the HTTP proxy to use, or 'none' for no proxy. The URL should start with http:// and may contain username, password or port specifications. [none] (press return) Enter the URL of the proxy to use for FTP, or 'none' for no proxy. The URL should start with http:// and may contain username, password or port specifications. [none] (press return) Use passive mode FTP transfers (to get through a firewall)? [Y/n] (press return) Enter the maximum number of simultaneous build jobs. ... Maximum number of simultaneous build jobs: [<number of cpus>] (press return) Mirror selection Choose a continent: ... (enter the numbers corresponding to your location) ... Writing updated configuration to '/sw/etc/fink.conf'... Bootstrapping a base system via /sw/bootstrap. ... (take a coffee break while Fink downloads and compiles the base packages) ... You should now have a working Fink installation in '/sw'. [frodo:~/fink-0.38.4] testuser% cd [frodo:~] testuser% rm -r fink-0.38.4 [frodo:~] testuser% /sw/bin/pathsetup.sh
The last command runs a little script to help set up your Unix paths (and other things) for use with Fink. In most cases, it will run automatically, and prompt you for permission to make changes. If the script fails, you'll have to do things by hand (see below).
(If you need to do things by hand, and you are using csh or tcsh,
you need to make sure that the command
source /sw/bin/init.csh is executed during startup of
your shell, either by .login, .cshrc, .tcshrc, or something else
appropriate. If you are using bash or similar shells, the command
you need is
. /sw/bin/init.sh, and places where it
might get executed include .bashrc and .profile.)
Once you have set up the paths, open a new Terminal.app window, and close all other ones. That's it, you now have a base Fink system installed.
Before you can install additional packages, you will need to download their descriptions. To do this, in your new Terminal.app window, ether use:
[frodo:~] testuser% fink selfupdate-rsync Password: (your normal password here) Please note: the simple command 'fink selfupdate' should be used for routine updating; you only need to use a command like 'fink selfupdate-cvs' or 'fink selfupdate --method=rsync' if you are changing your update method. ... (wait for the downloads to finish)
[frodo:~] testuser% fink selfupdate-cvs Password: (your normal password here) Please note: the simple command 'fink selfupdate' should be used for routine updating; you only need to use a command like 'fink selfupdate-cvs' or 'fink selfupdate --method=rsync' if you are changing your update method. fink is setting your default update method to cvs Fink has the capability to run the CVS commands as a normal user. That has some advantages - it uses that user's CVS settings files and allows the package descriptions to be edited and updated without becoming root. Please specify the user login name that should be used: [<your username>] (press return) For Fink developers only: Enter your SourceForge login name to set up full CVS access. Other users, just press return to set up anonymous read-only access. [anonymous] (press return) Checking to see if we can use hard links to merge the existing tree. Please ignore errors on the next few lines. Now logging into the CVS server. When CVS asks you for a password, just press return (i.e. the password is empty). /usr/bin/su hansen -c 'cvs -d":pserver:email@example.com:/cvsroot/fink" login' Logging in to :pserver:firstname.lastname@example.org:2401/cvsroot/fink CVS password: (press return) Logging in to :pserver:email@example.com:2401/cvsroot/fink ... (wait for the downloads to finish)
especially if you are using a proxy.
If you are using Xcode 4.3 or later, you should also run
sudo xcodebuild -license
and enter agree so that Fink's unprivileged user can build packages that need more than just the basic tools.
You can now install packages with the
command, like this:
[frodo:~] testuser% fink install gimp2 Password: Scanning package description files.......... Information about 6230 packages read in 1 seconds. fink needs help picking an alternative to satisfy a virtual dependency. The candidates: (1) db51-aes: Berkeley DB embedded database - crypto (2) db51: Berkeley DB embedded database - non crypto Pick one:  The following package will be installed or updated: gimp2 The following 308 additional packages will be installed: aalib aalib-bin aalib-shlibs asciidoc atk1 atk1-shlibs autoconf2.6 automake1.11 automake1.11-core blt-dev blt-shlibs boost1.46.1.cmake boost1.46.1.cmake-shlibs cairo cairo-shlibs celt-dev celt-shlibs cmake cpan-meta-pm5124 cpan-meta-requirements-pm5124 cpan-meta-yaml-pm cyrus-sasl2-dev cyrus-sasl2-shlibs daemonic db51-aes db51-aes-shlibs db53-aes db53-aes-shlibs dbus dbus-glib1.2-dev dbus-glib1.2-shlibs dbus1.3-dev dbus1.3-shlibs dirac-dev dirac-shlibs docbook-bundle docbook-dsssl-ldp docbook-dsssl-nwalsh docbook-dtd docbook-xsl doxygen expat1 expat1-shlibs exporter-pm extutils-cbuilder-pm extutils-command-pm extutils-install-pm extutils-makemaker-pm extutils-makemaker-pm5124 extutils-manifest-pm file-copy-recursive-pm file-temp-pm5124 fink-package-precedence flag-sort fltk-x11 fltk-x11-shlibs fontconfig-config fontconfig2-dev fontconfig2-shlibs freeglut freeglut-shlibs freetype219 freetype219-shlibs gawk gconf2-dev gconf2-shlibs gd2 gd2-bin gd2-shlibs gdbm3 gdbm3-shlibs getoptbin gettext-tools ghostscript ghostscript-fonts giflib giflib-bin giflib-shlibs gimp2-shlibs glib2-dev glib2-shlibs glitz glitz-shlibs gmp5 gmp5-shlibs gnome-doc-utils gnutls-2.12 gnutls-2.12-shlibs graphviz graphviz-shlibs grep gtk+2 gtk+2-dev gtk+2-shlibs gtk-doc gtkglext1 gtkglext1-shlibs gts75 gts75-shlibs guile18 guile18-dev guile18-libs guile18-shlibs ilmbase ilmbase-shlibs intltool40 iso-codes jack-dev jack-shlibs json-pp-pm lame-dev lame-shlibs lcms lcms-shlibs libavcodec52-shlibs libavformat52-shlibs libavutil50-shlibs libbabl0.1.0-dev libbabl0.1.0-shlibs libbonobo2 libbonobo2-dev libbonobo2-shlibs libcelt0.2-dev libcelt0.2-shlibs libcroco3 libcroco3-shlibs libdatrie1 libdatrie1-shlibs libexif12 libexif12-shlibs libflac8 libflac8-dev libgcrypt libgcrypt-shlibs libgegl0.1.0-dev libgegl0.1.0-shlibs libgettext3-dev libgettext3-shlibs libgettextpo2-dev libgettextpo2-shlibs libglade2 libglade2-shlibs libgmpxx5-shlibs libgpg-error libgpg-error-shlibs libgsf1.114-dev libgsf1.114-shlibs libgsm1-dev libgsm1-shlibs libhogweed-shlibs libidl2 libidl2-shlibs libidn libidn-shlibs libjasper.1 libjasper.1-shlibs libjpeg libjpeg-bin libjpeg-shlibs libjpeg8 libjpeg8-shlibs liblzma5 liblzma5-shlibs libming1-dev libming1-shlibs libmng2 libmng2-shlibs libncursesw5 libncursesw5-shlibs libogg libogg-shlibs liboil-0.3 liboil-0.3-shlibs libopencore-amr0 libopencore-amr0-shlibs libopenexr6-shlibs libopenjpeg libopenjpeg-shlibs libopenraw1-dev libopenraw1-shlibs libpaper1-dev libpaper1-shlibs libpcre1 libpcre1-shlibs libpng14 libpng14-shlibs libpng15 libpng15-shlibs libpng3 libpng3-shlibs librarian.08-shlibs librsvg2 librsvg2-shlibs libschroedinger libschroedinger-shlibs libsigsegv2 libsigsegv2-shlibs libsndfile1-dev libsndfile1-shlibs libsoup2.4.1-ssl libsoup2.4.1-ssl-shlibs libspeex1 libspeex1-shlibs libspiro0 libspiro0-shlibs libtasn1-3 libtasn1-3-shlibs libthai libthai-dev libthai-shlibs libtheora0 libtheora0-shlibs libtheoradec1-shlibs libtheoraenc1-shlibs libtiff libtiff-bin libtiff-shlibs libtool2 libtool2-shlibs libvorbis0 libvorbis0-shlibs libvpx libwmf libwmf-shlibs libx264-115-dev libx264-115-shlibs libxml2 libxml2-bin libxml2-py27 libxml2-shlibs libxslt libxslt-bin libxslt-shlibs lua51 lua51-dev lua51-shlibs lynx m4 nasm netpbm10 netpbm10-shlibs nettle4a nettle4a-shlibs ocaml openexr openexr-dev openjade openldap24-dev openldap24-shlibs opensp-bin opensp5-dev opensp5-shlibs openssl100-dev openssl100-shlibs orbit2 orbit2-dev orbit2-shlibs pango1-xft2-ft219 pango1-xft2-ft219-dev pango1-xft2-ft219-shlibs parse-cpan-meta-pm passwd-core passwd-messagebus pixman pixman-shlibs pkgconfig poppler-data poppler4 poppler4-glib poppler4-glib-shlibs poppler4-shlibs popt popt-shlibs python27 python27-shlibs rarian rarian-compat readline5 readline5-shlibs readline6 readline6-shlibs sdl sdl-shlibs sgml-entities-iso8879 shared-mime-info sqlite3-dev sqlite3-shlibs swig system-openssl-dev tcltk tcltk-dev tcltk-shlibs test-harness-pm5124 test-simple-pm5124 texi2html texinfo version-pm5124 version-requirements-pm5124 xdg-base xft2-dev xft2-shlibs xinitrc xml-parser-pm5124 xmlto xvidcore xvidcore-shlibs xz yasm The following 2 packages might be temporarily removed: lcms tcltk-dev Do you want to continue? [Y/n] ...
If these instructions don't work for you, well, you'll have to take the time to read through the rest of this document and the online FAQ. You can also ask on the fink-users mailing list, but expect to be pointed back at the documentation when your problem actually is well-documented.