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This document explains security incident handling for packages that have been accepted by Fink. While the main responsibility for every accepted package in Fink remains with the respective maintainer, Fink recognizes the necessity to offer a uniform policy on how to react to security incidents found in software which are offered as Fink packages. Every package maintainer is required to comply with it.
Every Fink package has a Maintainer. The maintainer of a particular package can be found by typing fink info packagename at the command line prompt. This will return a listing with a field similar to this one: Maintainer: Fink Core Group <email@example.com>. The maintainer has full responsibility for his/her package(s).
If there are security incidents within a certain piece of packaged software, you should notify the maintainer of that package as well as the Fink Core Team. The email of the maintainer can be found within the packages info, and the email of the Fink Core Team is firstname.lastname@example.org
Serious security incidents in software packaged by Fink might require you to pre-notify the maintainer of that package. Since it is possible that the maintainer cannot be reached in a timely manner, pre-notifications should always also be submitted to the Fink Security Team. Each team members e-mail is listed individually later on in this document. Please note that email@example.com is a publically archived mailing list, private pre-notifications should never be sent to that list.
Submitted reports about a security incident will be answered by the Fink Core Team. Each maintainer is required by Fink to acknowledge the reported issue individually. In the unlikely event that the maintainer is not available and the maintainer has not acknowledged the report within 24 hours, a note should be sent to the Fink Core Team informing the team that the maintainer might be unresponsive.
In the event that you attempted to notify the maintainer of the package in question but the mail system returned a delivery error for that email you should notify the Fink Core Team immediately to inform them that the maintainer is unreachable and that the package may be updated irrespective of the maintainer.
Response time and actions taken greatly depend on the severity of the loss introduced by a particular flaw in the software that has been packaged for Fink. In any case the Fink Core Team will take immediate action whenever it feels it is necessary to protect the Fink user community.
Each package should strive to meet the following response times. For some types of vulnerabilities the Fink Core Team might choose to take immediate action. If that is the case, one of the Core Team members will notify the maintainer of the package in question. Also, keep in mind that, while we strive to meet these response times, Fink is a volunteer effort, and they cannot be guaranteed.
|remote root exploit||
minimum: immediate; maximum: 12 hours.
|local root exploit||
minimum: 12 hours; maximum: 36 hours.
minimum: 6 hours; maximum: 12 hours.
minimum: 24 hours; maximum: 72 hours.
|remote data corruption||
minimum: 12 hours; maximum: 24 hours.
|local data corruption||
minimum: 24 hours; maximum: 72 hours.
A member of the Fink Core Team might choose to update a package without waiting for the package's maintainer to take action. This is called a forced update. Not meeting the maximum required response time for a particular vulnerability in a Fink package also results in a forced update of that package.
As submitter of a security incident in Fink-packaged software you have to ensure that the vulnerability of the software also exists on Mac OS X. It is the responsibility of the notifying party to ensure that one of the following sources reinforces the reported issue for the particular software in question.
The above keywords are in full compliance with the CVE recommended keyword list found here.
Security updates may only be applied once they have been verified by the original Author of the software which has been packaged for Fink and found to be vulnerable to a security issue. Before an update one or more of the following conditions have to be met:
Security updates for a specific package will first be applied to the unstable tree. After a waiting period of no less than 12 hours the packages' info (and eventually patch) files will be moved into the stable tree as well. The retention period shall be used to carefully observe whether the updated package works and the security update does not introduce any new issues.
Some users might choose not to update their software too frequently. To ensure that those who install their packages from source are using updated packages which have been reported to have security issues as soon as possible, a maintainer may call for a notification to be sent to the Fink announcement list.
These announcements may only be sent by the Fink Security Team. Most announcement will be sent from firstname.lastname@example.org signed by the PGP key with the fingerprint:
The above is intentionally not marked as a link.
Other authorised Team members are: (here you add your email + public key like I did above)
email@example.com signed by the PGP key with the fingerprint:
firstname.lastname@example.org signed by the PGP key with the fingerprint:
To ensure that a common look for security notifications is met, all security notices must follow the following common template.
ID: FINK-YYYY-MMDD-NN Reported: YYYY-MM-DD Updated: YYYY-MM-DD Package: package-name Affected: <= versionid Maintainer: maintainer-name Tree(s): 10.3/stable, 10.3/unstable, 10.2-gcc3.3/stable,10.2-gcc3.3/unstable Mac OS X version: 10.3, 10.2 Fix: patch|upstream Updated by: maintainer|forced update (Email) Description: A short description describing the issue. References: KEYWORD (see above) Ref-URL: URL
A sample report could look somewhat like this:
ID: FINK-2004-06-01 Reported: 2004-06-09 Updated: 2004-06-09 Package: cvs Affected: <= 1.11.16, <= 1.12.8 Maintainer: Sylvain Cuaz Tree(s): 10.3/stable, 10.3/unstable, 10.2-gcc3.3/stable,10.2-gcc3.3/unstable Mac OS X version: 10.3, 10.2 Fix: upstream Updated by: forced update (email@example.com) Description: Multiple vulnerabilities in CVS found by Ematters Security. References: BID Ref-URL: http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/10499 References: CVE Ref-URL: http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2004-0414 References: CVE Ref-URL: http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2004-0416 References: CVE Ref-URL: http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2004-0417 References: CVE Ref-URL: http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2004-0418 References: FULLDISCURL Ref-URL: http://lists.netsys.com/pipermail/full-disclosure/2004-June/022441.html References: MISC Ref-URL: http://security.e-matters.de/advisories/092004.html
Please note that the Affected keyword refers to all vulnerable software versions not only those that might be packaged for Fink. The sample report shows this clearly.
Copyright (c) 2001 Christoph Pfisterer, Copyright (c) 2001-2015 The Fink Project. You may distribute this document in print for private purposes, provided the document and this copyright notice remain complete and unmodified. Any commercial reproduction and any online publication requires the explicit consent of the author.
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